Monday, May 25, 2020
At the end of the 20th century, file sharing and illegal downloading through Napster were the biggest hits among audiences everywhere. Because of this, many people started to believe that the music industry was failing due to declining CD sales. Although a valid statement, the music industry is not failing; instead, it is changing in many aspects due to file sharing and illegal downloading. Music is always evolving in new and innovative ways, regardless of the minor comeback vinyl records have made. Today, digital files are the most popular form of obtaining music. When one has a digital file of music, he/she is able to share with others without changing the file, in terms of quality. What makes this possible is the binary coding thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦An article by CBS said, Ã¢â¬Å"Jurors ordered Jammie Thomas, 30, to pay the six record companies that sued her $9,250 for each of 24 songs they focused on in the case. They had alleged she shared 1,702 songs online in viola tion of their copyrights.Ã¢â¬ Although the consequences are harsh, the chances of getting caught with the act are so slim because there are so many people sharing smaller amounts of files to other peers. It seems to be that this type of change of listening and obtaining music is inevitable because there are just so many benefits that outweigh the negative aspects. The music industry is changing in the respect that single songs and playlists are dominating entire albums. In other words, more people prefer to purchase individual songs by other artists rather than purchasing entire albums. What made this possible was the creation of iTunes and its music store, but of course an iPod is necessary with the two. With the iTunes music store, one has the option to either buy an entire album, typically for $9.99, or purchase individual songs for $.99 each. Listeners can also preview the songs up to ninety seconds, which can either make or break the decision to buy the song or album. If one were to purchase the individual songs, they would essentially be saving more money, which is more appealing. It brings up the question, Ã¢â¬Å"Who would not want to purchase only the good songs from an album for a cheaperShow MoreRelatedIncrease of Illegal Downloading of Music794 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThere are many reasons for increasing the illegal downloading for m usic in the last years. The technology development of computer and communication led to increase the illegal downloading of digital multimedia (e.g. music). In general, there is no change in the behavior of buyers, but starting of internet network and uprising of computerized systems, result in latest rise in piracy. The digital revolution has been one of the most important causes in control of piracy. As the arrival of the digitalRead MorePiracy Trends and Effects986 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdescribes the trend of increasing in illegal downloading of music. Technology, Human Behavior and no global obligation are the main reasons for this trend which finally effects on different issues (e.g., music market progression, buy CDs). This essay is structured as one reason and possible effects in each paragraph and finally to sum up with conclusion paragraph. The technology development of computer and communication led to increase the illegal downloading of digital multimedia (e.g. music). InRead MoreEssay Downloading Music from the Internet1592 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDownloading Music from the Internet There are many ways to download music off the internet; some legal and some illegal. There are so many websites about downloading music, it can be confusing to people which ways are legal and which are not. Some sites and programs charge a monthly fee while others have consumers pay per song. Then there are others that advertise Ã¢â¬Å"Free DownloadsÃ¢â¬ and falsely state that downloading free music is legal. There are many advantages andRead MoreEssay on Illegal Music Downloading730 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEver since the start of illegal music downloading there has been an ongoing debate. As with any controversy, there are those whose positions stand at one end of the spectrum or the other and also those who are moderate or nonchalant. Many believe that downloading a song without paying for it is not only illegal, but also immoral. None-the less, people continue to download songs, rationalizing that the record companies are getting what they deserve after years of o verpriced CDs or that the artistsRead MoreDownloading Music with and without Permission1045 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmake unauthorized copies of someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s creative work, you are taking something of value from the owner without his or her permission. ( RIAA) Technology has made it possible and easier to download music for free, but it is legal to do so. When downloading music from sites it is okay to do so, if the site has the official permission of the owners to copyright their music; whether if the sites charges. For example the app Pandora is legal. Pandora is a radio app that streams music. While the userRead MoreEssay about Downloading Copyrighted Music: Legal or Illegal688 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesDownloading Copyright Music: Legal or Illegal Illegally downloading music of the internet for free is a huge controversy in this day and age. Many people fight that the music was bought at one time so they are not hurting anyone. Companies and musicians on the other hand, have a different view about downloading this music for free. They argue that have made this music and people are downloading it off the internet instead of buying it from a store. Sales in the music industry have gone down asRead MoreIllegal P2P File Sharing Essay example874 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAmerica (RIAA) wants to let the public know that this file sharing that is going on is illegal. The only way to stop this is to start lawsuits. The RIAA has been making attempts for a couple years to inform the public that file sharing is illegal, but now that nothing has happened appropriate action needs to take place (RIAA 1). Singers and songwriters need to make a living somehow. They know that downloading music is a way to get their voice heard, but they also know that it is significantlyRead MoreEssay on Against Illegal Downloading1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAgainst Illegal Downloading At the dawn of the internet, many things such as books and text became obsolete, due to insufficient monitoring of internet activity and sites. Individuals were able to gain free access to books and publications that normally needed to be bought, or required a fee. This is something that has caused problems for booksellers and publishers. Now, as technology advances, it also begins the decline of music, software, and television industriesÃ¢â¬âbut something can be doneRead MorePiracy, The Intellectual Property Rights Of The Recording Industry Association Of America1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesproblem with piracy, as they are strictly a business trying to maximize their profits. Contrary to RIAAÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs, there are studies, including the most recent one, pointing to the fact that illegal downloading and visiting of illegal downloading websites show a positive correlation with legal downloading and visiting of legal websites. This is not to say that piracy is good, but that it may not be the factor that is driving the sales of music down. The specific rights being violated at handRead MoreIfsm 304 A11344 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIFSM 304 Abstract In the various media industries there are extreme worries concerning unauthorized downloading and copying of their products known as piracy. Piracy of items has been part of commerce for centuries; counterfeiting of currency for example. With the information age the ease at which media can be pirated has caused an explosion of this phenomenon. This practice is an illegal act that is done by individuals for personal use and also for profit. The first do not seem to see the
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Congress as part of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) instituted minimum wage back in 1938. The first minimum wage was at $0.25 per hour and the last minimum wage increase occurred in 2007. Over the past 65 years the minimum wage has varied considerably in inflation-adjusted buying power. It has averaged $6.60 an hour in purchasing power in 2013 dollars, but it has ranged from a low of $3.09 an hour in late 1948 to a high of $8.67 an hour in 1968. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s minimum wage buys somewhat more than the minimum wage has historically, although it remains over a dollar an hour below its historical high. In addition to the federal minimum wage, nearly all states within the United States have their own minimum wage laws with the exception of South Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. Sixteen states have a minimum wage that is higher than the federal minimum wage. The first moves to legislate wages did not set minimum wages, rather the laws created arbitration boards and councils to resolve labor conflicts before the recourse to strikes. Minimum wage is raised usually when there is a time of healthy economic growth and low unemployment. In 1990, Congress enacted a minimum wage hike that took effect on April 1 of that year, when unemployment stood at 5.4 percent. Congress voted to raise the minimum wage again in August 1996Ã¢â¬âwhen unemployment stood at 5.1 percent. The next vote to raise the minimum wage occurred in May 2007, when unemployment stood at 4.4 percent.Show MoreRelatedThis American (Working) Life1053 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespay (U.S. Cong. Federal Labor). These and other professions are labeled exempt from the Fair Labor Standards Act. An exempt profession, when put on a salary, is not protected by the FLSA and can work as many hours as required with no extra compensation. According to a new bill, S. 1747 The Computer Professionals Update Act , legislators would extend these exemptions to other IT professions (27-31). In a time wh en it is hard to find anyone with a good opinion of congress, why would any senator proposeRead MoreEssay on The Minimum Wage Should be Raised1371 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesneed income of some type, were they wanted to make it fair were individual could get pay the same without a college degree. I am going to start off with a little about minimum wages history and how this could help our Economic. In 1892 Federal Government adopt an 8 hour workday and other wages standard for employee. In 1903 Congress create the U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor. In 1933 Congress passes the National Industrial Recovery Act covering private sector wage hour (Congressional Digest)Read MoreThe Federal Government1353 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesto reforming how commerce clause is viewed. Let us take the constitution as a road map. Interpreting its powers has also form how congress uses those same power when it comes to the digression of law making (Legislation branch). In Gibbons v. Ogden (1824), United States v. E.C. Knight Company (1895), Muller v. Oregon (1908), Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918), National Labor Relations Board v. Jones Laughlin Steel Corp. (1937), and Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States et al. (1964), I will illustrateRead MoreChild Labor Laws In the 1800s1462 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesChild Labor Laws In The 1800s Child Labor, once known as the practice of employing young children in factories, now its used as a term for the employment of minors in general, especially in work that would interfere with their education or endanger their health. Throughout history and in all cultures children would work in the fields with their parents, or in the marketplace and young girls in the home until they were old enough to perform simple tasks. The use of child labor was not a problemRead MoreThe National Industrial Recovery Act1061 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNational Industrial Recovery Act. Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Ed. Thomas Carson and Mary Bonk. Detroit: Gale, 1999. Student Resources in Context. Web. 16 Mar. 2016. Gale Encyclopedia of U.S Economic History over the past 17 years has been covering the story of the National Industrial Recovery Act. The Book National Industrial Recovery Act talks about President Franklin D. RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s initial New Deal Programs, National Industrial Recovery Act was the centerpiece of his programsRead MoreEssay on New Deal774 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfirst term. In a desperate attempt to solving the woes of the American population, FDR and his Congress passed more bills than any other president-congressional combination as ever done in their first impression time period. FDRÃ¢â¬â¢s domestic policy, known more widely as the New Deal, was intended to be a group of innovative measures to counteract the effects of the Great Depression. Roosevelt and the U.S. Congress, trying to reduce unemployment, restore prosperity and return a sense of morale to AmericanRead MoreThe Amendment And The Congressional Apportionment Amendment1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesamendments t hat have made their way through the congress since first the constitution was instated. A few, however, never made it into the United States constitution. There were six amendments that were never ratified into the constitution. Some were justified in their reasons for not being ratified, but then there are some which to this day no one quite understands why they were not ratified into the constitution. In Americans attempt to be a fair and just country, its government made many differentRead MoreGibbons V Ogden ( 1824 )1007 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessince his right to operate a steamboat on that route was protected by an act of Congress. According to Chief Justice Marshall, since interstate commerce includes navigation through a generally accepted understanding of the word Ã¢â¬Å"commerceÃ¢â¬ , the act of Congress was constitutional. To quote Chief Justice Marshall, he also argued that Ã¢â¬Å"CommerceÃ¢â¬ ¦ is intercourse. It describes the commercial intercourse between nations, and parts of nationsÃ¢â¬ ¦ The mind can scarcely conceive a system for regulating commerceÃ¢â¬ ¦Read MoreFDRÃ¢â¬â¢s Alphabet Soup1158 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessummer of 1933, job recovery was still a major part of ending the Great Depression. The National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) and the National Recovery Administration (NRA) was the largest piece of industrial recovery and regulations during the time period. FDR stated, Ã¢â¬Å"Its object is to put industry and business workers into employment and increase their purchasing power through increased wages.Ã¢â¬ It did abundantly more than that. It also ended child labor, sweat shops, and lowered weekly wages in theRead MoreThe Progressive Era Of The United States994 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe passing of labor laws, anti-trust laws, unionization for important industries and the introduction of four new amendments in the constitution. Children have been servants throughout human history. Employers were taking advantage of children by making them work very long days and work in dangerous conditions. Children laborers also lacked an education due to the long hours they worked. Children worked to help support families but yet got very little pay. Reformers and labor organizers wanted
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Starting with the meaning of Culture; is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, defined by their beliefs, behaviors, language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts. To me it was interesting to read the three books and learned about how Conklin, Hutchinson, and Basso studied the concept of the different cultures. In Consuming Grief, Beth A. Conklin, studies the history of the Amazon Tribe like the Wari culture. Conklin talked about the concept of Cannibalism which was something new for me to learn about how people are eating human flesh. People in the olden days used to practice cannibalism during the famines, in the besieged cities. Some of the primitive tribes believed that by eating the flesh of enemies, they could acquire their abilities. On the other hand others believe in cannibalism as a religious ritual or burial rites, or a way for the family to get rid of their loss easily, quickly and as a kind of exaggeration in hurting the enemy, w here the winner will eat the flesh of the vanquished. And some people thought that eating the dead body was considered a sign of respect and compassion for the dead person. Cannibalism existed only in the past until the 1960s among the Indians of the western Amazonian rainforest. In Sharon Hutchinson, Nuer Dilemmas: Coping with Money, war and the State, she lays out the concept of the expansive background of blood, cattleÃ¢â¬â¢s and cash as well as the change of importance over time in the southernShow MoreRelatedShould Religion Be Banned?1258 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHas somebody ever offered you to taste Ã¢â¬Å"Long Pig?Ã¢â¬ If so, you may have been offered human meat. Most people think that getting a taste of our supposedly Ã¢â¬Å"pork-likeÃ¢â¬ species is outrageous, but have never considered that it might be a religious norm still practiced today in many tribes. Can one guess which widely practiced religion believes in consuming the offspring of their god, despite the obvio us indication of its evilness in its Holy Scripture? If Roman Catholicism comes to mind, that is absolutelyRead MoreLanguage Is An Innate Function Of Human Nature1955 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThere is much discrepancy among linguists regarding the origins of language. Most linguists argue that only specific influences gave rise to the language system that exists today. Some linguists, like Noam Chomsky, argue that language is an innate function of human nature while others, like Daniel Everett, posit that language is solely a cultural product. As a result of this debate, the question arises: What are the true origins of language? The human need to communicate and to express ideas is a
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theInnovation and Sustainable Business Developmentfor Graphical. Answer: Introduction The establishment of the structured business model is essential for representing the overall business processes. Some of the business models, such as contextual, graphical, and textual are associated with the organisational structure (Zou, et al., 2014). The business organisations identify the future prospects of a sustainable business and develop the suitable business model to conduct the business activities. The initial formulation of the business model includes the technological architectures, value propositions, and the organisational infrastructure. Therefore, the essay is based on the formulation of the structured business model that can e perceived as the system. Discussion The conceptualized ideas of the business model development are initially focusing on the identification of the core business concepts. It has been observed that the business organisations often deal with several segmentations, such as organisational structure, target customers, and the operational policies (Veit et al., 2014). The business model is generally dealing with the assumption based hypothetical context that determines the necessary resources used for fulfilling the business objectives. The identification of such key resources is much beneficial in organizing the value chain process in a significant way. Morris et al., (2015) opined that the business model development is mainly focusing on the expected outcomes of the organisational structure for ensuring the new opportunities. The business model as a system is associated with the identification, understanding, and the stimulation process of the model evaluation. It is to be specified that the system model is generally utilized to present the conceptualized ideas about the interdisciplinary study. This interdisciplinary model is focusing in the application of the model for presenting the conceptualized form of the systems, especially, in the business development in IT firms. It is noted that the functional modeling is concentrating on the functional flow diagram and the important techniques. It is important to state that the business process-modeling notation is one kind of typical workflow that is represented through the graphical presentation (Fielt, 2014). The conceptual models can sometimes be physical or social that based on the values of current affairs. The business model as a system is much helpful in resolving the static and dynamic issues. These business models are generally depending on the scientific method in which the starting point is to create the hypothetical value. The business managers often concentrate on using the business models in order to address the issues based on the static or dynamic factors. It is noted that they use the spreadsheet for ensuring the analytical approaches for the upcoming planning process (Farahani et al., 2014). In fact, evaluation of such business model is much beneficial in analyzing the critical components. In addition to this, it is essential for the business manager to ensure the business dynamics for resolving the internal conflicts. Therefore, the business managers have been using the business models for strengthening the value positions and securing the competitive position as well. Additionally, it is much helpful in developing the strong customer base as well. The establishment of the business model system is effective enough in recognizing the partnership aspects of the firm. The business model canvas is generally used for identifying the right partners in the market that can be beneficial for the entrepreneurial business process. While securing the competitive position in the market, it is essential for the firm to identify the potential suppliers and the different types of partnerships (Bohnsack, Pinkse Kolk, 2014). These partnerships are generally concentrating on the location and needs of the relevant supply chain process. In fact, evaluation of such business model is much beneficial in analyzing the critical components. In addition to this, it is essential for the business manager to ensure the business dynamics for resolving the internal conflicts (Boons Ldeke-Freund, 2013). The business model system is the most useful source of identifying these specific factors that determine the association of the right partnership businesses. It is in fact helpful in defining the expectations in the competitive business market and the impacts on the potential clients. It is essential for the business clients to ensure the win-win situations. However, it is important to select the right business partners for the future growth. On the other hand, the business partnership process is classified into various typologies, such as joint venture, strategic alliance, and buyer-supplier relationships. It is essential to select the right method to strengthen the business entity on the grounds of competitive market. Another most beneficial use of business model is the innovation process. The application of the innovative business mechanisms is necessary for ensuring the sustainable development of the firm in a competitive market. In fact, the innovative business method is generally persuading the business companies to differentiate the business strategies and achieve the competitive advantage (Baden-Fuller Haefliger, 2013). The business managers often concentrate on using the business models in order to address the issues based on the static or dynamic factors. It is noted that they use the spreadsheet for ensuring the analytical approaches for the upcoming planning process. The business model system is thus helpful enough in identifying the unique mechanisms that will be helpful enough in increasing the standardized business parameter. Mitsuru Kodama, on his article named Boundaries Innovation and Knowledge Integration in the Japanese Firm highlighted the restructuring process of a Japanese firm for competing in the global market (Kodama, 2009). The article pointed out several competencies of the Japanese firm for ensuring the capability of participating in the competitive business market. For example, the strong base of the electronic and telecommunication services is effective enough in attracting more customers towards the business brands. The article is focusing on the knowledge integration firm that develops the unique corporate model. The integration process is linking the organisations from different zones. The evaluation of the knowledge integration model helps in prevailing the challenges and the issues associated with the vertical corporate boundaries. Another article on Killing Two Birds with One Stone, it has been specified that the structured business model is helpful in improving the product and service delivery process. It is to be specified that the associated spreadsheet in the business development process provide the insights about the logic-based issues (Itami Nishino, 2010). The understanding of the critical components is essential for organizing the value added services that are much attractive for the target customer group. In fact, the article provides the reflective insights about the simplistic forms of performing the organisational activities. Managing the core competencies would be beneficial in gathering revenues and the competitive position in the market. Conclusion This paper discloses the relevant findings that would be helpful in understanding the future business trends via developing business models. The business models are considered as a part of the overall business systems. The business managers often concentrate on using the business models in order to address the issues based on the static or dynamic factors. It is noted that they use the spreadsheet for ensuring the analytical approaches for the upcoming planning process. In fact, evaluation of such business model is much beneficial in analyzing the critical components. In addition to this, it is essential for the business manager to ensure the business dynamics for resolving the internal conflicts. The continuous changing scenario of the business model innovation sometimes can be invisible to the people worldwide. It is implied that the business model development is associated with several factors, such astrategic choices, value network, creating values, and capturing values. The spre adsheet presented by the managers for the business model development provides the solution to address the logic-based issues within an organisation. References Baden-Fuller, C., Haefliger, S. (2013). Business models and technological innovation.Long range planning,46(6), 419-426. Bohnsack, R., Pinkse, J., Kolk, A. (2014). Business models for sustainable technologies: Exploring business model evolution in the case of electric vehicles.Research Policy,43(2), 284-300. Boons, F., Ldeke-Freund, F. (2013). Business models for sustainable innovation: state-of-the-art and steps towards a research agenda.Journal of Cleaner Production,45, 9-19. Farahani, R. Z., Rezapour, S., Drezner, T., Fallah, S. (2014). Competitive supply chain network design: An overview of classifications, models, solution techniques and applications.Omega,45, 92-118. Fielt, E. (2014). Conceptualising business models: Definitions, frameworks and classifications.Journal of Business Models,1(1), 85-105. Itami, H., Nishino, K. (2010). Killing two birds with one stone: profit for now and learning for the future.Long Range Planning,43(2), 364-369. Kodama, M. (2009). Boundaries innovation and knowledge integration in the Japanese firm.Long Range Planning,42(4), 463-494. Morris, M., Schindehutte, M., Richardson, J., Allen, J. (2015). Is the business model a useful strategic concept? Conceptual, theoretical, and empirical insights.Journal of Small Business Strategy,17(1), 27-50. Veit, D., Clemons, E., Benlian, A., Buxmann, P., Hess, T., Kundisch, D., ... Spann, M. (2014). Business models.Business Information Systems Engineering,6(1), 45-53. Zou, W., Kumaraswamy, M., Chung, J., Wong, J. (2014). Identifying the critical success factors for relationship management in PPP projects.International Journal of Project Management,32(2), 265-274.
Monday, April 6, 2020
Discusses the Swedish manufacturing company AB Electrolux. Topics include: History, product profiles, finances and outlook. As exhibit A indicates, Stockholmbased Electrolux produces a wide variety of goods (Hoovers, 1996, 204). Within the category of Outdoor Products are the subcategories of forest and garden equipment, including agricultural implements. These products would be chainsaws (30% world share), lawn mowers, garden tractors, lawn trimmers, and leaf blowers. Operations are run through the Husqvarna and Flymo subsidiaries in Europe, and through American Yard Products and Poulan/Weed Eater in the U.S. (Electrolux Home Page, 1997). The industrial products category overlaps into the commercial appliances category. The former contains food service equipment, kitchen and bathroom cabinets, industrial laundry..
Monday, March 9, 2020
The Educational Value of Play as Work and Work as Play Introduction The Educational Value of Play as Work and Work as Play , nicurriculum.org.uk/docs/foundation_stage/learning_through_play_ey.pdf Montessori, M. 1978. The Secret of Childhood. Orient Longman, Hyderabad Schools Kill Creativity, last accessed 8th December 2014, ted.com/talks/ken_robinson_says_schools_kill_creativity/transcript?language=en#t-993000 Whitbread, D. The Importance of Play, last accessed 7th December 2014, importanceofplay.eu/IMG/pdf/dr_david_whitebread_-_the_importance_of_play.pdf
Friday, February 21, 2020
Theories of Crime Causation Unit1 DB - Essay Example Other social factors that affect the individual determine recidivism of the individual (James 2003). Therefore, it is imperative to consider these factors in the rehabilitation process to ensure its success. Although rehabilitation works, the effectiveness of this method does not quite do away with recidivism, and it becomes necessary to adopt measures that prevent the occurrence of crime. Prevention of crime is a concept that works effectively in the reduction of crime. The police oversee the task of prevention of crime, and as such, they must focus on prevention of crime. This implies, therefore, that the main objective of the police is the protection of innocent lives from criminals and prevention of crimes against these innocent individuals. However, in the execution of this duty the police officers should operate within the law and at the same time ensure the protection of the innocent (Gordon 1998). Additionally, the police officers should also handle the criminals in a manner that conforms to the provisions of law relating to such individuals. This situation puts the police in a tough position and implies that, in the balance between protecting the innocent and upholding the law, the police must act prudently. Thus, the police officers should protect the innocent while upholding the